‘The Father of the Flame: A Tafsir of Surat 111 – Lahab’ delivered by Shaykh Riyadh ul Haq on 29th June 2012 at Al Kawthar Academy, Leicester
Sūrat ʼl Lahab is a damnation of Abū Lahab and his family. Being the paternal uncle of the Prophet ﷺ meant that he had a great responsibility to assist and support the Prophet ﷺ. However, when he chose to oppose the Messenger ﷺ, it was considered so evil by Allāh that he and his family have been damned in the Qur’ān for all eternity.
He is the only enemy of the Prophet ﷺ mentioned in the Qur’ān by name. Despite all the wealth he amassed and the children he had, nothing could avail him before the wrath and punishment of Allāh and thus he is destined to enter the flaming fire of hell.
Along with his and his family’s traitorous behaviour some of the core messages of this detailed exegeses is that, it is not who you are but what you do that is significant with Allāh, even if you are related to a Messenger ﷺ.
Along with this message, we learn that no one is responsible for another’s evil actions and behaviour. The Prophet ﷺ says in a ḥadīth, “Whoever’s deeds keeps him behind, his lineage will not propel him forward.” [Muslim]
Below are some of the timecodes and topics relating to this talk:
8:50 – Why did ʿAbdul ʿUzzah have the kunya Abū Lahab?
16:37 – Why was Abū Lahab mentioned by name in this sūrah?
23:59 – How would the Quraysh make an emergency public address?
33:31 – Understanding the tribal system amongst the Arabs
43:40 – Who were the Banū Hāshim?
53:59 – The disgraceful death of Abū Lahab.
1:07:37 – Why is Abū Lahab’s wife referred to as a wood carrier?
1:16:12 – All the children of ʾAbdul Manāf were poets except this person
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