The Madinan Society: A Tafsir of Surat al-Hujurat Part 12

The Madīnan Society: A Tafsīr of Sūrat al-Ḥujurāt Part 12/12
Delivered by Shaykh Riyadh ul Haq on Friday 21st October 2016 at Al Kawthar Academy, Leicester (UK)

After the Prophet ﷺ and his companions emigrated to Medina, Allah revealed laws with which Muslims must abide by so that they may live together peacefully. This Sūrat serves as a prime example of such intricate laws that detail not just how people should behave with one another, but how they should speak and think about each other.

This final lesson explains the sacrifice the Sahabah had to make in order to remain Muslim and how they attained a deep level of Iman. People may challenge the books of Hadith with regards to the history of the Prophet ﷺ being referred to as ‘The Book of Expeditions’, however if we look at our own history we will be quick to identify that the most notable events in history surround war.

This lesson concludes by summarising the objectives of this Surah; that we must create a harmonious social environment where everyone is safe from us – be it from our hand or our tongue. We are all born equal in the eyes of Allah, however it is through our actions and deeds that our rank is elevated in His Sight. We are prone, as human beings, to make mistakes to the extent that even the companions of the Messenger ﷺ had momentary lapses where they were lovingly chastised.

Allah emphasises in this Surah that our social interactions and behaviours are important, to the extent that we must never judge or think ill of another person. This Surah does much to identify our roll in society, what we should avoid and what we must do to ultimately attain the pleasure of Allah. 

Below are some of the timecodes and topics relating to this talk:

1:43 – A summary of what has been covered so far
13:55 – The beginning of the Islamic Calendar
17:15 – Did people enter Islam to gain wealth?
24:50 – The ultimate display of Iman
30:52 – Why are campaigns and battles mainly remembered in history?
46:00 – Declaring our purity before Allah
54:00 – A summary of Surat al-Hujurat
58:13 – Respecting people’s needs and privacy
1:08:58 – The true meaning of ‘sabr’
1:16:29 – Creating the individual who becomes part of the community
1:24:05 – The corrections by Allah in the Qur’an are a lesson for us

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